Coypu

Myocastor coypus

Overview

Photo credit: ©GBNNSS, with thanks to the Wildwood Trust
Myocastor coypus  
Common names:
  • Coypu, nutria

Habitat:
  • Inland surface water, Mire, bogs and fen

Description:
  • The coypu or nutria is a large, semi-aquatic rodent from South America. It is about 1m in length. It has dark, small ears, and a long cylindrical tail.

Origin and Worldwide Distribution:
  • The coypu is a large rodent from South America. It was first introduced into Europe in the 19th century for fur farming.
  • While fur farming has been abandoned in the meantime, the species has since colonised coastal marshes, swamps and other wetland areas in no less than 19 Member States (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain). It has, however, already been eradicated from the United Kingdom.

Potential or Known Impacts:
  • Considered a major pest across much of the EU, the coypu is estimated to cost over 65 million euros a year in economic damage and management costs. Because of its voracious appetite, it severely disrupts the natural habitats and alters the composition of local plant communities.
  • Additionally, it degrades river banks and irrigation systems through its extensive burrowing activities and has a major impact on agriculture.

How did it/could it get here?
  • It was first introduced for fur farming, then was allowed to colonise wetland areas.

Is it found in Northern Ireland?
  • Not present in Northern Ireland
  • Present in Ireland under eradication
  • More distribution information can be seen here on NBDC and NBN Atlas NI

Methods for Prevention:
  • A ban on sales, a phasing out of any ownership, a rapid eradication of any newly emerging population, and the management of established populations should help to contain the invasion.
  • Report all sightings
  • Efforts to ascertain extent of Coypu in Cork City area have been extended by encouraging citizen surveillance and reporting of all suspected sightings - Ireland Coypu 2017 Species Alert

You can help by reporting any sightings: @ the Centre for Environmental Data & Recording (CEDaR) - Or via the iRecord App.
Current Legislative Position (Listed on 03 August 2016)
  • This species must not intentionally be brought into the Union; kept; bred; transported to, from or within the United Kingdom, unless for the transportation to facilities in the context of eradication; placed on the market; used or exchanged; permitted to reproduce, grown or cultivated; or released into the environment.
For further queries, you can contact the Invasive Non Native Species (INNS) Team in the Northern Ireland Environment Agency on 028 9056 9558 or Email: invasivespecies@daera-ni.gov.uk  

Species Related Files:

Invasive Species Ireland

Invasive Species Ireland